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The most in-demand skills in IT in 2022
The success of developers largely depends on the relevance of their skills. What IT skills will be in demand in 2022? To do so, let's have a look at popular industries.
We've analyzed the fastest-growing areas and the most forward-thinking technologies that will make you in demand in 2022. The following are the exploding trends, as well as the trend-setting cool ones that are having a strong impact on the IT industry. Let's go!
Web development

Backend

This is the basis for the development of any IT product. That's why there is such a great demand for programmers who know how to create databases, libraries, API integrations and manage all system components. According to business intelligence magazine EBR, backend languages such as JavaScript, Python, PHP, and Java will continue to be relevant in 2022. They all rank at the top of the annual report from Stack Overflow for 2021. Although it's a general survey, it shows that developers are actively using them in their work.

There are other languages, but most often written in these languages because of their advantages: the prevalence of JavaScript, the flexibility of Python, the cross-platform nature of PHP, the independence of Java.

Various countries offered the following salaries in December 2021 for Backend Developers by language:
It is worth noting that Ruby is not as popular as other languages. But it is often indispensable for quick project creation due to its versatility, flexibility, performance, and ease of use. Ruby is chosen by small startups, which often succeed and turn into giants. For example, Airbnb, GitHub, Aviasales, etc.

Mastery of a particular language and its frameworks is very important in the backend development career. But do not forget about the value of additional knowledge and competencies, which need to be constantly expanded. For example, Java and SQL are in demand.

If you look more globally, there is a big demand for cloud technology in today's FinTech. This includes financial management, strategic business planning, etc. And if we consider banking, the management of classic software also requires cybersecurity skills: knowledge of legal regulations and security standards, monitoring new ways of hacking applications, finding vulnerabilities, etc.



Frontend

A report from Stack Overflow showed that JavaScript and HTML/CSS are the most used technologies in 2021 (64.96% and 56.07%). This is the basis for front-end developers: this is the first thing that beginner programmers in this area learn. It is also important to be able to use js frameworks (React, Angular, Vue). Other popular languages include TypeScript, Elm and Swift.

Recently, professionals in this field have been expected to deepen their understanding of current usability and design trends in order to create the most functional and attractive products possible.

Employers were offering high salaries for Frontend Developers in late 2021:
Web development in general

What has become a classic

JAMstack (JavaScript, API, & Markup)
The technology makes sites fast, secure and scalable. Over 2020-2021, the number of products built with this stack increased by 50%. According to a recent study by the Jamstack community, more than 30% of programmers create sites that attract millions of visitors.

GraphQL
This is a language for querying and processing API interfaces. The main advantages: flexibility, speed and efficiency. GraphQL server can be created in any language, which makes it as versatile as possible.

The State of JavaScript report shows that the popularity of this technology is growing. Thus, in 2016 it was used by only 5% of developers, in 2018 their number increased to 20%, and in 2020 - to 40%. These figures prove that the trend continues to gain momentum and in 2022 will definitely reveal a new side.

Headless CMS
The CMS market reached $328.5 million in 2019. Investment firm Insight Partners predicts growth to $1,628.6 million by 2027. Some of the top Headless CMS in 2021:

  • Strapi
  • Agility CMS
  • Contentful



What will be actively developing in 2022

Chatbot development and artificial intelligence expansion
AI + chatbot = next-level virtual assistant. This tool will already be used by about 70% of websites in 2022 to collect data, interact with customers, make payments, etc.

Implementation of voice control
The speech recognition market is growing: it's expected to jump from $10.7 billion (2020) to $27.16 billion (2026). About 30% of users use voice search at least once a month. Soon the technology will be actively implemented not only in search engines but also in applications/websites.

The rise in popularity of PWAs and AMPs
Both are aimed at increasing the speed of displayed content. If a site or app takes a long time to load, there's a chance of losing customers (according to a KISSmetrics study, 40% of users don't wait longer than three seconds). No one wants reduced conversions, which will ensure that PWAs and AMPs are even more in demand.

Popularization of serverless architecture
Creating IT products is becoming cheaper, easier and faster with this cloud service model. According to a report from research firm Global Market Insights Inc, the market size was estimated at $7 billion in 2020 and will reach $30 billion in 2027.



Mobile

More than 4 billion products have already been created for the most common systems - Android and iOS. During the third quarter of 2021 they were installed more than 35 billion times. Total sector returns reached $133 billion last year, an all-time industry record.

The demand for developers of commercial apps and mobile games is growing (almost doubling in 2020-2021). Mobile developers are experiencing a boom and bringing in a lot of money to the sector. Thus, according to the results of the trial between Epic Games and Apple, it was found out that 70% of the App Store income comes from games. More about the main news of the gaming industry in 2021 can be found in our article.

Because of this madness, the salaries of specialists have skyrocketed. At the same time, businesses are willing to pay more in order to extract rare talent for the team. In 2021, employers offered the following rewards for Mobile Developers in different countries:
Read more about the changes in supply and demand for mobile programmers in our industry overview.

The mobile industry is constantly evolving and introducing new technologies. In 2022, the following trends will get special development and investment:

Cross-platform software
There is an increasing need for applications that run on any system (Android, iOS, etc.). Tools such as React Native, Flutter, or Xamarin are used for this purpose. If you check out the results of the Stack Overflow survey, in 2020 only 11.5% of respondents were using React Native tools, and in 2021 that number has increased to 14.51%.

AR Development
Artificial Intelligence makes augmented reality even more realistic, so AR is increasingly used in advertising, education, tourism, medicine, entertainment, etc. In 2020, the market was valued at $14.7 billion, and by 2026 that number will increase to $88.4 billion.

A particularly promising approach is the use of technology in games. The release of the mega-popular Pokemon Go by Nintendo and Niantic in 2016 became a turning point in the history of AR development: the game was downloaded more than 1 billion times. The demand for direction is serious, so developers from this area have a great chance to be part of interesting projects.



In-demand skills in the IT industry: technologies for the future

It is also worth paying attention to the rapidly developing high-tech fields, which offer excellent prospects in terms of earning money. Even those who are not related to IT know about them, which shows their scale and importance to all.

Blockchain
The market earned $4.9 billion in 2021 and will reach $67.4 billion by 2026. Strong industry players such as Ethereum, Bitcoin and EOS will continue to develop in 2022. Smart contracts will be increasingly used in a variety of areas (financial market, digital authentication, logistics, accounting, etc.), and employers will be looking for programmers who know specialized languages (e.g., Solidity, Simplicity, Rust), understand the intricacies of various blockchain systems, Web 3.0, DeFi, etc.

Companies in the U.S. were offering jobs with $9,333 a month, in Germany with €4416, in the Netherlands with €5,000 as early as the end of 2021.

Big Data
According to Statista, total revenues for this market in 2021 will be $64 bln. It is expected to grow to $70 bln. in 2022 and $103 bln. by 2028. We will see if these forecasts come true, but one thing is clear - there will be an increasing demand for Big Data specialists: Big Data Engineers, Analysts, Scientists, etc. Employers in different countries were willing to pay the following salaries for good Big Data programmers in 2021: USA – $7486, Germany – €5073, Netherlands – €4065.

AI
There will be increasing demand for those involved in the development, training, and implementation of AI and neural networks. The market is expanding: it reached $8.02 billion in 2020 and will grow to $38.46 billion by 2027.

Research company Gartner considers AI to be one of the five most promising technologies in 2022. No wonder businesses are willing to pay well for such specialists today. In the U.S., companies offered high salaries for AI Engineers – $9941 per month, in Germany – €7451, and in the Netherlands – €4083 in December 2021.

Cloud-Native
Over the past few years, more and more companies are starting to use cloud technology, including:
  • Mobile applications and games (which allows users to save on hardware and increases the audience of game developers)
  • Financial systems
  • Loaded databases
It is estimated that in 2020 the market earned $371.4 billion, and by 2025 it will soar to $832.1. The big market players - AWS, Google Cloud, Azure - are investing a lot of money in the technology, so there will be a demand for programmers who can implement and support it. In the U.S., companies offer $12,859 per month, in Germany €6262, and in the Netherlands €7073.



Projections for 2022

The obvious conclusion is that in the next year there will be no decrease in demand for developers who are able to write, maintain, refine and scale code in popular languages. But those specialists who are proficient in related and prospective areas will earn more.

2022 will be an important year in terms of salary offerings and expectations. While employers haven't always had time to build developer salary increases into their budgets in the past, in 2022 many will correct themselves and prepare for the struggle for rare talents.

However, the importance of soft skills should not be forgotten. Companies pay a lot of attention to these basic skills, as they play an important role in creating a cohesive team and directly affect its performance.

If you want to relocate to Europe or get into foreign projects remotely, you also need to improve your English. Employers prefer those who have at least a B2 level and can communicate with the team without problems.

How to be successful in 2022? Learn the most in-demand skills in the IT field. Follow trends, be passionate about new technologies, and work Check out the current European offers here.
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